The official Catalan name is Eivissa. Its name in Spanish is Ibiza. In British English, the name is usually pronounced in an approximation of the Spanish whereas in American English the pronunciation is closer to Latin American Spanish.
I call it Eyebiza
In 654 BC, Phoenician settlers founded a port on Ibiza. With the decline of Phoenicia after the Assyrian invasions, Ibiza came under the control of Carthage, also a former Phoenician colony. The island produced dye, salt, fish sauce (garum), and wool.
Ibiza negotiated a treaty with the Romans that allowed the island to retain its Carthaginian–Punic institutions while avoiding further destruction during the Second Punic War. The island became an imperial outpost, off the trading radars of the time, which also allowed for the preservation of many buildings, monuments and artifacts.
After the Romans, Ibiza was conquered by the Vandals, Byzantines and then the Moors, who brought in Berber settlers and converted much of the population to Islam. The Norwegian King Sigurd I was the next to invade Ibiza as part of a crusade in 1110, followed by Aragonese King James I, who conquered it in 1235, deporting the Muslims and importing Christians from Gerona.
The island was allowed to maintain various forms of self-government until King Philip V of Spain imposed strict rules and language in 1715 after the War of Spanish Succession.
Tourism began to reverse the Balearic Island's fortunes with the introduction of a regular ferry from the mainland in the early 1930's. The spread of fascism in Europe also saw a number of artists and writers escaping to Ibiza. The Spanish Civil War pitted Republican and Franco-Nationalists, often from the same families, against each other, lasting from 1936 to 1939, resulting in much bloodshed and the expulsion of the Nationalists.
The population nearly doubled in the 1960's and 70's, mainly due to the travel boom that attracted builders, tourism workers and hippies from the mainland to the magical island. Ibiza has more to offer than you would assume from contemplating ordinary snapped stock images and tourist pictures
Prints from the Eyebiza Series can be ordered solely in writing, by telephone or by appointment.
For more information please contact the Bock-Schroeder Foundation: Enquire
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